Issue of Rights Shares

Issue of Rights Shares


A “Rights Issue of Sharesis a significant financial event that occurs in private limited companies. The procedure allows present shareholders to acquire additional shares proportional to their present holdings. It acts as an avenue for companies to obtain additional capital without including public or diluting the stake of existing shareholders. In this comprehensive guide, we will understand the concept of rights issues, how they benefit shareholders and companies alike, and the procedural aspects involved.

Understanding the Rights Issue of Shares in detail

When a private limited company decides to raise capital through a rights issue, it offers its existing shareholders the opportunity to subscribe to new shares at a predetermined price, usually at a discount to the market price. This price is also called “issue price.”

The key principle behind a rights issue is to maintain the proportion of ownership among existing shareholders, while also infusing fresh capital into the company for business expansion, debt repayment, or other strategic purposes.

Characteristics of a Rights Issue of Shares

  • Companies opt for rights issues when they require funds for diverse objectives. This procedure enables the company to generate capital without incurring any costs associated with underwriting.
  • A rights issue grants current shareholders the privilege of purchasing additional shares at a discounted price within a specified timeframe.
  • The allocation of additional shares to shareholders is typically determined based on the proportion of their current shareholdings.
  • Current shareholders have the option to exercise their rights or renounce their entitlement in favor of any third person. Nevertheless, in the event that they refrain from acquiring supplementary shares, their current holdings will experience dilution upon the issuance of additional shares.

There are several reasons why a company may choose to conduct a right issue of shares

  1. First and foremost, it enables the company to raise additional capital by providing existing shareholders with the chance to acquire new shares at a reduced price. This can enable the company to secure funding for its expansion initiatives and allocate resources towards new projects, thereby enhancing its growth prospects.
  2. When a company strategizes to enhance its business operations, it may necessitate supplementary capital for diverse purposes such as debt repayment, equipment procurement, or acquisition of another company. Instead of choosing to borrow money, individuals may prefer to invest in equity in order to avoid making interest payments.
  3. When seeking additional funds through the sale of company shares, rights issues of shares serve as a convenient and efficient method for expanding capital. Likewise, ventures where obtaining debt financing is not an option, unsuitable, or comes at a high cost, often lead companies to raise funds by issuing rights.
  4. Businesses seeking to enhance their debt-to-equity ratio can employ a similar strategy by raising additional capital. Furthermore, financially troubled companies have the option to offer rights shares as a means to repay their debts and enhance their overall financial well-being.

Benefits to Shareholders

Rights issue of shares can be advantageous to shareholders in several ways:

  1. Priority and Control: Existing shareholders have the first right to subscribe to new shares, ensuring they retain their ownership percentage in the company. This maintains their influence over important decisions and voting rights.
  2. Discounted Price: The issue price of the new shares is often lower than the prevailing market price. Shareholders are presented with an advantageous prospect to purchase additional shares at a discounted rate, which could potentially lead to an increase in the value of their investment if the market price of the shares goes up.
  3. Flexible choice for shareholders: Shareholders enjoy the flexibility of subscribing to either the entire allocation or a specific portion of the shares that are being made available. sThey can also transfer their rights entitlement to other investors through the stock exchange.
  4. Capital Appreciation: If the company utilizes the raised capital effectively and generates profits, it may lead to an increase in the company’s valuation, benefiting shareholders in the long run.

Benefits to Private Limited Companies

Rights issue of share also offer numerous advantages to private limited companies:

  1. Capital Infusion: It allows companies to raise funds internally, reducing the reliance on external borrowings and minimizing interest costs.
  2. No Debt Burden: Unlike loans, the funds raised through rights issues do not create a debt obligation for the company. Shareholders become stakeholders in the company, sharing both risks and rewards.
  3. Enhancing Financial Ratios: An increase in capital improves the company’s financial ratios, making it more attractive to potential investors and creditors.
  4. Funding Expansion and Growth: Companies can utilize the raised capital to finance new projects, expand operations, or invest in research and development.

Procedure for Conducting a Rights Issue

The process of a rights issue typically involves the following steps:

  1. Board Resolution: The company’s board of directors passes a resolution proposing the rights issue and decides the terms, such as the number of shares to be issued, the issue price, and the record date.
  2. Intimation to Stock Exchanges: The company informs the stock exchanges where its shares are listed about the upcoming rights issue, ensuring transparency for investors and regulatory compliance.
  3. Letter of Offer: The company prepares a Letter of Offer containing all relevant information about the rights issue, including the purpose, terms, and conditions. This document is sent to all eligible shareholders.
  4. Record Date: The record date is the cut-off date determined by the company. Shareholders as on the record date are eligible to participate in the rights issue.
  5. Dispatch of Letter of Offer and Application Form: The Letter of Offer and application form are sent to eligible shareholders, specifying the number of rights shares they are entitled to and the payment details.
  6. Trading of Rights Entitlements: Shareholders can trade their rights entitlements on the stock exchange if they choose not to subscribe to the new shares themselves.
  7. Payment and Allotment: Shareholders who wish to participate make the payment for the subscribed rights shares. After the subscription period closes, the company allots the new shares to the shareholders who have made payments.
  8. Listing and Trading: The new shares issued through the rights offer are listed on the stock exchange, and trading commences as usual.

Difference between a Right Issue and Private Placement

A rights issue of shares and a private placement are two different methods that companies use to raise capital. A rights issue refers to the process where a company offers its existing shareholders the opportunity to purchase additional shares in proportion to their existing holdings.

Rights issue and private placement are two methods utilized by companies to raise capital by issuing shares to both existing and new shareholders. Nevertheless, these two approaches to acquiring capital exhibit significant disparities.

  • A rights issue refers to the practice wherein companies extend an invitation to their current shareholders, offering them the opportunity to purchase additional shares at a reduced price. On the contrary, private placement refers to the practice wherein companies offer shares privately, as implied by its name.
  • The first option refers to a solicitation extended exclusively to current shareholders, whereas the second option focuses on the sale of shares to accredited investors.
  • In the former scenario, the ownership percentage of each shareholder is equal, whereas it varies for individuals engaging in stock transactions through private placement.

Furthermore, the shareholders, in both scenarios, have the liberty to purchase additional shares at their discretion without any limitations.


The rights issue of shares for private limited companies is an important mechanism to raise capital while maintaining the interest of existing shareholders. For shareholders, it presents an opportunity to expand their holdings at a discounted price, potentially leading to capital appreciation.

Companies benefit from increased capital infusion without incurring debt, fostering growth and expansion. By following the procedural guidelines and adhering to regulatory requirements, companies can successfully conduct rights issues, contributing to their long-term financial stability and development.

In summary, rights issue of shares have a significant impact on the financial environment of privately held companies, offering mutually beneficial outcomes for both shareholders and the companies. It enables enterprises to expand and foster innovation, while shareholders accrue value and retain authority over their investments. By comprehending the procedure and potential benefits, investors can make well-informed decisions to maximize their portfolio strategies, and businesses can plan for a more prosperous future.

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